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Waseda Institute of International Strategy project commissioned by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs recommended as policy
"Direction of Japanese Diplomacy Post-Great East Japan Earthquake" research results announced

We would like to report that the Waseda Institute of International Strategy (Director: Sadaharu Kataoka) has compiled its research results of the survey project "Direction of Japanese Diplomacy Post-Great East Japan Earthquake", which was commissioned by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs General Policy Planning Division in 2011.

This survey looked at what effects the Great East Japan Earthquake had in Japan in the fields of politics, economics and diplomacy, and analyzed from various angles what substantial effects these have on international society in order to keep the negative effects from the disaster on external relations to a minimum. It also investigated what foreign policies Japan should develop over a medium term in order to maintain and strengthen its influence and competitiveness in international society. On top of this, the direction of post-disaster diplomacy in Japan, Japanese international strategy and grand designs were concluded and recommended as policy. The proposed policy is as follows.

Policy recommendation

Response to emergency situations

The "Disaster Emergency Situation Declaration" should have been drawn up in accordance to the Disaster Countermeasures Basic Act Article 105.

Legal provisions for regulations relating to crises should also be considered in the future.

Strengthening of the Japan-US alliance

Operation "Tomodachi" was a huge success. It was the largest Japan-US joint operation in history. We must utilize that success as an opportunity to strengthen the Japan-US alliance.

It is also necessary to take an approach where Japan uses the Japan-US alliance to promote national interests.

While the financial situation is tough, we must look into increasing the defense budget and ODA payments.

Security talks and networks need to be strengthened in the Asia-Pacific region, including Myanmar and Australia.

There is great concern in China regarding the Japan-US alliance, so it needs to be strengthened.

Public diplomacy

"Ediplomacy" and "digital diplomacy" should be actively utilized.

It will take time to dispel harmful rumors. It is necessary to continue high-level information transmission.

Economy reconstruction

In Japanese industry as well, new markets should be developed in comparatively dominant fields such as environmental technology and natural energy (thermal power technology etc.), and there is a demand to expand into overseas markets.


Hysteric reactions must be avoided.

Without getting caught up in emotional arguments, it is necessary to calmly calculate the costs and benefits, and cost effectiveness of halting, continuing, or gradual reduction of the current use of nuclear power, or shift to sources such as solar energy.

Tsunami - earthquake

This earthquake and tsunami was not a surprise.

Japan is the most advanced country in tsunami and tidal wave simulations.

Tsunami mechanisms will be made clear and social infrastructure facilities with disaster prevention functions will be rebuilt.

Earthquake researchers, tsunami researchers and disaster prevention authorities being seen as separate identities is a problem.

Tsunami prevention technology needs to be spread worldwide through diplomatic strength.

Disaster prevention

Disaster prevention manual is yet to be developed. A structure in which the government and private sector can work together in regards to natural disasters needs to be created. Even in the Japan-US alliance, there is a necessity to conduct joint simulations for various assumed situations.

There is a necessity to promote disaster prevention cooperation. Japanese know-how in measures against tsunami should be shown overseas.

Japan is a high-quality nation with advanced technology. Scientists must let that be known.

Survey -analysis organization

The survey and analysis were conducted by the following organization.

Organizer:Professor Sadaharu Kataoka, Faculty of International Liberal Studies, Waseda University (Director, Waseda Institute of International Strategy)

Professor Takeshi Daimon, Faculty of International Liberal Studies, Waseda University (Waseda Institute of International Strategy)
Professor Tomoya Shibayama, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Waseda University
Professor Toshiya Tsukamoto, Aoyama Gakuin University
Linsheng Gu (Hyogo Earthquake Memorial 21stCentury Research Institute)

Ryo Nakamura, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Policy Division Head
Fumie Maruyama, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Planning Division assistant
Soichi Shimizu, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Planning Division secretary
Tomoyuki Saito, Public Diplomacy Planning Division secretary

Full report

Waseda Institute of International Strategy:2011 Ministry of Foreign Affairs commissioned research survey report "Direction of Japanese Diplomacy Post-Great East Japan Earthquake" [PDF]